Peatlands play an important role to prevent climate change. Over the past 10,000 years, peatlands have absorbed an estimated 1.2 trillion tonnes of carbon dioxide, having a net cooling effect on the earth. Peatlands are now the world’s largest terrestrial long-term sink of atmospheric carbon-storing twice as much carbon as the biomass of the world’s forests. (Parish et al., 2008). Predictions by the Intergovernmental Panel for Climate Change (IPCC) in 2020 of significant changes in global temperature and rainfall regimes have significant implications for peatland ecosystems. In many cases, the predicted changes are expected to harm peatlands and exacerbate the rate of degradation and release of stored carbon.