Program Belajar

Virtual Education Program: Public Policy

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On June 25, 2022, we held the ” Belajar” Monthly Program with the topic “Public Policy” with Komagi Dinar Primasta as the speaker. He has a strong interest in public policy and public management.

Komagi’s interest in public policy grew when he studied Public Administration at the University of Indonesia. Then,  Komagi became one of the Internal Organization Analysts at the Ministry of PANRB during his studies. Currently, Komagi is a Policy Analysis of the Ministry of State Apparatus Empowerment and Biocratic Reform (PANRB).

According to Thomas R. Dye (1981), public policy can be interpreted as everything the government chooses to do or does not. The general policies referred to by Komagi can be in the form of laws or regulations. Komagi explained that there are several types of policies in the form of regulation, distribution, redistribution, and sectoral or area policies. Regulatory policies are policies that regulate; distribution policies are policies that convey or deliver a policy that is acceptable to the public.

In general, redistribution policies are policies such as subsidies provided by the government. In contrast, sectoral policies are policies in certain sectors such as the economy, tourism, and other sectors.

Komagi also explained that in a policy, there is a policy cycle. A policy cycle discusses a cycle to make a policy. The tools used in the policy cycle are agenda setting, policy formation, policy implementation, policy evaluation, policy change, and policy termination. Why is there a need for a policy cycle? According to Komagi, in making policy, we need to know what direction the policy target is being implemented and what kind of problems we want to work on in a policy. So it is necessary to have a policy cycle as one formulation for making policies.

Types of Public policy consist of substantive, procedural, distributive, regulatory, redistributive, and material and symbolic. Substantive policies such as policies that regulate E-KTPs, procedural policies such as procedures for making E-KTPs, and content policies. Target problems with concrete solutions, while symbolic approaches are in the form of giving tokens of service or only as symbolic.

One example of a case related to public policy that became the subject of discussion between Komagi and the study program participants this time was an example of a lawsuit made by the government.

The Covid-19 pandemic in Indonesia. Even though there is only one policy issue, it is possible that what is being targeted will have an “impact.” That can be more than one in the views of the larger state system. According to Komagi, the policy formulation issue undeniably has a big impact when applied. This issue is because every agency/institution from each region has a different point of view. Therefore, the problem cannot be solved at one time. Thus, the point of view becomes the basis for the importance of why the government took the policy.

In closing, Komagi hopes that this activity will make millennials more aware of what is happening in our country—dealing with issues and problems in the country. Where we live, because who else will advance this country if not the next Young generation, it hoped with the facts regarding the policies that have occurred and what we will face in the future. We already have the basis or provisions to overcome them and are more aware of social life.

 

written by Anna Mesia

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